Globalization and sustainable development – the need for stronger integration and international cooperation in the environmental area


  • Suzana Elena CHIRIAC Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest
  • Ioana Maria GHIDIU-BÎTA Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest


globalization, sustainable development, integration, inter-national cooperation, environment.


The rapid expansion of economic integration (an important driver of globalization) led to the need of synchronizing national level policies on a variety of issues.  One of the areas that require coordination is our fragile surrounding environment. This paper argues that central to this initiative is the need for international cooperation. The study is mainly based on theo-retical and conceptual arguments which explore the multifaceted relationship between globalization and sustainable development (the core objective of the paper). We will firstly demonstrate the ways in which globalization affects the environment, then debate upon the encountered challenges (relying mainly on the need for cooperation) and finally discuss and recommend collective global action as a solution to maximize the opportunities globalization posits to sustainable development. The authors will also rely on practical examples and data to offer consistency to the debate.


Birnie Patricia and Alan E. Boyle, International law and the environment, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Bran, Florina, “Ecological processes under the impact of globalization: contradictory trends or subjective interpretations? Case study: Rosia Montana”, IECS 2010 17th International Economic Conference “The Economic World’s Destiny: Crisis and Globalization?” (Sibiu: „Lucian Blaga” University Publishing House, 2010), ISI Proceedings Volume, 1(2010): 354-359.

Dauvergne, Peter (2005), “Globalization and the Environment”, in John Ravenhill, ed., Global Political Economy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 366-389.

De Sombre, Elizabeth R., Domestic Sources of International Environmental Policy, (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000).

Dua, Andre and Daniel C., Esty, Sustaining the Asia Pacific Miracle: Economic Integration and Environmental Protection (Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics, 1997)

Environmental Protection Agency Mures County, Environmental Status Report for Mures County (Mures: Environmental Protection Agency, 2010).

Esty, Daniel C., and Maria H. Ivanova, “Revitalizing Global Environmental Governance: A Function-Driven Approach”, in Global Governance: Options & Opportunities, edited by D. C. Esty and M. H. Ivanova (New Haven, CT: Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, 2002), 38-50

Golusin, Mirjana and Olga Munitlak Ivanović, “Definition, characteristics and state of the indicators of sustainable development in countries of Southeastern Europe”, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 130[1-2](2009): 67-74.

Heritier, Adrienne, The White Paper on European Governance: A Response to Shifting Weights in Interinstitutional Decision-Making, Christian Joerges, Yves Meny and

J. H.H. Weiler (eds.) (European University Institute, 2001), accessed on April 5th 2011,

Jobes, Patrick C., “Globalization and Regional Renewal Revisited”, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 38[1](2003): 73-79.

Karlsson, Sylvia, Multilayered Governance: Pesticides in the South – Environmental Concerns in a Globalised World (Linkoping: Department of Water and Environ-mental Studies, Linkoping University, 2000).

Kelemen, Raustiala D., The Rules of Federalism (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004)

Milward, Brinton H. and Keith G., Provan, “Governing the Hollow State”, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 10[2](2000): 359-379.

Ostrom, Elinor, Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, 10th ed. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Peters, Guy B., “Shouldn’t Row, Can’t Steer: What’s a Government to Do?”, Public Policy and Administration, 12(1997): 51-61.

Raustiala, Kal, “Domestic Institutions and International Regulatory Cooperation”, World Politics, 49[4](1997): 482-509.

Speth, James Gustave, (eds.) Worlds Apart: Globalization and the Environment (Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2003).

Stoker, Gerry, “Governance as theory: five propositions”, International Social Science Journal, 50[155](1998): 17-28.

Vogler, John, The Global Commons: Environmental and Technological Governance, 2nd ed. (Chichester: J. Wiley & Sons, 2000).




How to Cite

CHIRIAC, S. E., & GHIDIU-BÎTA, I. M. (2011). Globalization and sustainable development – the need for stronger integration and international cooperation in the environmental area. Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, 11(3), 51–57. Retrieved from