Comparative Statistical Analysis of Gender Equality on the Labour Markets of Romania and EU28



To achieve the employment target set in the Europe 2020 Strategy is necessary that women's potential and talent to be used optimally. Increasing employment for both men and women is the main way to achieve autonomy, financial independence and poverty reduction.

This paper presents a comparative statistical analysis of gender equality on the labour markets of Romania and EU28 based on official statistics records and specific key labour market indicators. The aim was to highlight the gender gap on activity rates, employment rates by age, work time and unemployment rate, including long-term unemployment. The analyses undertaken shows that in the last ten years activity and employment rates of women in Romania had a slightly decreasing trend, while at the EU28 level had an upward trend, which led to the widening gap than the average EU28. The gender gap for the same indicators rose in the period under review, in the case of Romania, while at the EU28 level decreased.



gender gap, gender equality, employment rate, unemployment rate, activity rate

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Sănduleasa Andra-Bertha (2014), Romanians attitudes towards mobility for work from a gendered perspective, Annals of Spiru Haret University, vol. 5(14), issue 4: 29-36.

Paşnicu Daniela, Mladen Luise (2011), Analysis of gender gaps in profession, careers and pay, Annals of Spiru Haret University, vol. 2(11), issue 3: 61-72.

Bettio Francesca, Corsi Marcella et al. (2013), The impact of the economic crisis on the situation of women and men and on gender equality policies, European Union.

*** Legea nr. 202/2002 privind egalitatea de şanse şi de tratament între femei şi bărbaţi, republicată 2013.

*** Planul general de acţiuni pentru perioada 2014-2017 pentru implementarea Strategiei, aprobată prin hotărârea 1050.

*** Strategia naţională în domeniul egalităţii de şanse între femei şi bărbaţi pentru perioada 2014-2017.

*** Strategia Uniunii Europene pentru egalitate între femei şi bărbaţi, 2010-2015.

*** The impact of the economic crisis on the situation of women and men and on gender equality policies, 2013.

**** Report on progress on equality between women and men in 2013, Brussels, 2014.


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