Laurentiu A. ASIMOPOLOS, Adrian-Aristide ASIMOPOLOS, Natalia-Silvia ASIMOPOLOS


In the general context, the phenomenon of globalization causes an increase in risks to critical infrastructures. In order to order this set, the criteria of dependence and interdependence were imposed. Thus, was proposed a model with seven levels, the first being sector analysis and the second one the study of interdependencies.

The first level is organized in critical sectors and dependencies between them. This division, which engendered the public-private partnership, is show on the EU and NATO documents.


The second level of the interdependence study aims to determine the vital elements and essential components of a system.

In this paper we show some considerations on the dimensionality of interdependencies between critical infrastructures, interdependence between critical infrastructures from the energy sector and Information and Communication Technology (ICT). After a breakdown of SCADA systems, we presented at the end of the paper few examples of cybernetic attack against energy infrastructures


threats, vulnerabilities, risks, critical infrastructure, interdependences

Full Text:



Ana Ligia Leaua, Dragoș Ardeleanu, “Interdependenţa infrastructurilor critice –implicaţii asupra securităţii naţionale”, Romanian Intelligence Studies Review, issue: 08 / 2012, pp. 89–100.

Andrew Hildick-Smith, Security for Critical Infrastructure SCADA System (SANS Institute, 2005).

A. Badea, I. Chiuţă, A. Valciu, G. Păun, “Managementul infrastructurii critice a sistemelor electroenergetice”, Buletinul Agir, Supliment, 2/2012.

Liviu Dumitrache, “Guvernarea riscurilor – element de cooperare între sectorul guvernamental, mediul de afaceri şi societatea civilă”, Alarma nr. 2/2011

G. Manolescu, N. Istudor, Logistica proiectarii dezvoltarii regionale (Editura Academiei de Studii Economice, Bucuresti, 2007).

R. Setola and S. De Porcellinis, A Methodology to Estimate Input-output Inoperability Model Parameters, Critical Information Infrastructures Security 2007, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2008) pp. 149–160.

Courses from National Intelligence Academy “Mihai Viteazul”, 2015, fttp:/

European Directive 2008/114/CE of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection establishes a procedure for the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures (‘ECIs’), and a common approach to the assessment of the need to improve the protection of such infrastructures in order to contribute to the protection of people,

ENISA – Smart Grid Security Recommendations, activities/Resilience-and-CIIP/critical-infrastructure-and-services/smart-grids-and-smart-metering/ENISA-smart-grid-security-recommendations; Appropriate security measures for smart grids,

Romania’s energy strategy for the period 2007 – 2020, 4 September 2007

Report on Cyber Security Alerts , Cert-Ro, 2014,


Copyright (c) 2018 Laurentiu A. ASIMOPOLOS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

As to respect GDPR, this site do not allow free registation. Please contact us at:

GDPR Policy:

Please read the statement below:
Processing of personal data and free movement of these data

Registering with this site the author agree with the collection, processing and use of his personal data, exclusively within the ASHUES journal.




To crown and encourage research efforts of the authors, at the end of a year of publishing our journal board will award online the best papers by distinctions:

1. Best Original Paper Award -  for the paper that has brought something completely new in the reader's attention (a new concept, a new trend, a new proposal in research, etc.)

2. Excellence Award - for the most cited paper and visualized in the online environment during the year

3. First, Second and Third Award- for the best documented and substantiated papers during the year

4. Special Award - to award PhD students and postdocs for the most well documented and substantiated paper

Administred:Rocsana B. Manea Tonis