A brief overview of the types of ETFs




Exchange-traded fund is a type of exchange-traded product. ETF is a fund that is traded as a typical financial asset. Just like an index fund, ETF represents a basket of assets that reflect popular stock index. ETF traded just like any other company on the stock exchange. By owning ETF investor receives two important advantages – the diversification of index fund plus the flexibility of trading financial assets. There are different types of ETFs. Mainly divided into index, commodity, bond, currency, exchange-traded trusts and leveraged exchange-traded funds.

The article discusses the basics of exchange-traded fund, does a brief history review on the emergence of exchange-traded funds, and provides information on the basic and specific types of exchange-traded funds.

The used scientific tools include:

  • study of scientific literature;
  • study the performance of different markets which operate with exchange-traded funds;
  • meaningful analysis and summary of theoretical and practical applied information.




exchange-traded fund, types of ETFs, financial asset

Full Text:



• Baker M. J. (2000), Creation Units and the Rise of Exchange-Traded Funds, Investment Adviser, http://www.stradley.com/articles.php?action=view&id=65

• Bogle, C.J. (2007), Value Strategies, Wall Street Journal, http://online.wsj.com/ article/

• Ghosh, R.P. (2005), HOLDRs Vs. ETF s: What Investors Should Know, Investment Advisor, Summit Business Media, http://www.advisorone.com/2005/08/18 /holdrs-vs-etfs-what-investors-should-know

• Kovak, S. (2007), Just Say No to the Silver ETF, SilverSeek.com, http://news.silverseek.com/SilverSeek/1177698994.php

• Wiandt, J., & McClatchy, W. (2002), Exchange Traded Funds, John Wiley and Sons.

• http://www.amex.com/holdrs/HrMain.jsp.

• http://etfdb.com/compare/market-cap

• http://www.etfglobalinvestor.net/gold-etf.php

• http://www.etfsecurities.com

• http://group.barclays.com/home

• http://www.investopedia.com

• https://investor.vanguard.com/corporate-portal

• http://www.londonstockexchange.com

• http://www.marketwatch.com/story/profunds-readies-first-leveraged-etfs

• http://www.nasdaq.com

• http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=FXE

• http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=PALL

• http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=PPLT

• http://www.sec.gov/rules/concept/ic-25258.htm

• http://www.tmx.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26458/1534

Copyright (c) 2016 authors

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Please read the statement below:
Processing of personal data and free movement of these data

Registering with this site the author agree with the collection, processing and use of his personal data, exclusively within the ASHUES journal.




To crown and encourage research efforts of the authors, at the end of a year of publishing our journal board will award online the best papers by distinctions:

1. Best Original Paper Award -  for the paper that has brought something completely new in the reader's attention (a new concept, a new trend, a new proposal in research, etc.)

2. Excellence Award - for the most cited paper and visualized in the online environment during the year

3. First, Second and Third Award- for the best documented and substantiated papers during the year

4. Special Award - to award PhD students and postdocs for the most well documented and substantiated paper

Administred:Rocsana B. Manea Tonis