A brief overview of the types of ETFs




Exchange-traded fund is a type of exchange-traded product. ETF is a fund that is traded as a typical financial asset. Just like an index fund, ETF represents a basket of assets that reflect popular stock index. ETF traded just like any other company on the stock exchange. By owning ETF investor receives two important advantages – the diversification of index fund plus the flexibility of trading financial assets. There are different types of ETFs. Mainly divided into index, commodity, bond, currency, exchange-traded trusts and leveraged exchange-traded funds.

The article discusses the basics of exchange-traded fund, does a brief history review on the emergence of exchange-traded funds, and provides information on the basic and specific types of exchange-traded funds.

The used scientific tools include:

  • study of scientific literature;
  • study the performance of different markets which operate with exchange-traded funds;
  • meaningful analysis and summary of theoretical and practical applied information.




exchange-traded fund, types of ETFs, financial asset

Full Text:



• Baker M. J. (2000), Creation Units and the Rise of Exchange-Traded Funds, Investment Adviser, http://www.stradley.com/articles.php?action=view&id=65

• Bogle, C.J. (2007), Value Strategies, Wall Street Journal, http://online.wsj.com/ article/

• Ghosh, R.P. (2005), HOLDRs Vs. ETF s: What Investors Should Know, Investment Advisor, Summit Business Media, http://www.advisorone.com/2005/08/18 /holdrs-vs-etfs-what-investors-should-know

• Kovak, S. (2007), Just Say No to the Silver ETF, SilverSeek.com, http://news.silverseek.com/SilverSeek/1177698994.php

• Wiandt, J., & McClatchy, W. (2002), Exchange Traded Funds, John Wiley and Sons.

• http://www.amex.com/holdrs/HrMain.jsp.

• http://etfdb.com/compare/market-cap

• http://www.etfglobalinvestor.net/gold-etf.php

• http://www.etfsecurities.com

• http://group.barclays.com/home

• http://www.investopedia.com

• https://investor.vanguard.com/corporate-portal

• http://www.londonstockexchange.com

• http://www.marketwatch.com/story/profunds-readies-first-leveraged-etfs

• http://www.nasdaq.com

• http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=FXE

• http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=PALL

• http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=PPLT

• http://www.sec.gov/rules/concept/ic-25258.htm

• http://www.tmx.com

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26458/1534


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Copyright (c) 2016 authors

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.




To crown and encourage research efforts of the authors, at the end of a year of publishing our journal board will award online the best papers by distinctions:

1. Best Original Paper Award -  for the paper that has brought something completely new in the reader's attention (a new concept, a new trend, a new proposal in research, etc.)

2. Excellence Award - for the most cited paper and visualized in the online environment during the year

3. First, Second and Third Award- for the best documented and substantiated papers during the year

4. Special Award - to award PhD students and postdocs for the most well documented and substantiated paper

Administred:Rocsana B. Manea Tonis