Few aspects regarding bribery as a social and economic threat

Alexandru Florin MĂGUREANU

Abstract


It is a well-known fact that the so called “white collar crimes” now implies a wide variety of offenses (including bribery) that can affect the lives of more individuals than the “classic” crimes. An analysis of corruption necessarily implies an interdisciplinary approach, as it has multiple facets: social, political, economic and juridical. The New Criminal Code of Romania (NCC) has brought a series of important changes, compared to the previous regulation. All forms of corruption involve an abusive use of power (public or private), for a personal gain, occurring regardless of the form of government or historical period.

 


Keywords


bribery, corruption, crime, social and economic costs

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References


(1) Boroi Alexandru, Gorunescu Mirela, Barbu Ionuţ A. (2011), Dreptul penal al afacerilor (Business Criminal Law), Bucharest: C. H. Beck

(2) Cocoş Ştefan, Măgureanu Alexandru Florin (2014), Instituţii de drept penal roman (Institutions of Roman criminal law), Bucharest: Pro Universitaria, p. 254

(3) Dobrinoiu Vasile, Neagu Norel (2011), Drept penal. Partea specială, Bucharest: Universul Juridic, p. 438

(4) High Court of Cassation and Justice, Penal Decision nr. 6560/2004

(5) New Criminal Code of Romania, art. 290, paragraph (2)

(6) http://www.transparency.org/gcb2013/report

(7) http://www.transparency.org/gcb2013/country?country

(8) http://www.havocscope.com/tag/corruption/

(9) http://www.oecd.org/cleangovbiz/49693613.pdf




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26458/1432

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