The joint commercial operations as a tool of avoiding of liquidities in the current crisis context

Gabriela UNGUREANU, Luminiţa PISTOL, Anca VÂRGĂ

Abstract


Abstract

The main joint commercial operations are counterpart, re-export and switch operations. Regardless of the evolution of barter, these arrangements may be made at the firm level, as well as at the governmental one. Delivery in counterpart has extended relatively a lot in the contemporary international trade and it implies the elimination or the reduction of the traditional paying tools and its replacement with the exchange of goods and services normally sustained by financial deals.

The counterpart operations are mainly based on the oldest form of trade – the barter (exchanging goods for goods) which precedes the use of money. The barter as an arrangement between Governments of different countries has some specific features such as: the high value level of the occasional barter exchanges, the long-term convention, an agreement regarding different safeguarding stipulations.

 


Keywords


clearing agreement, buy-back, switch, off-sets, compensation, barter

Full Text:

PDF

References


• Costea, C., Afaceri comerciale – abordari moderne, All Back Publishing House, Bucharest, 2005.

• Hank Levin, Fred Gallo, Ph.D. (FRW), Clearing: A Guide for Professionals: Helping People Remove Personal, 2007.

• Pistol, G., Pistol, L. (coordonatori), Comerţ intern (teorie şi practică), Economica Publishing House, Bucharest, 2004.

• Pistol, L., Tehnici de comercializare şi cooperare economică internaţionalăa, Fundaţia România de Mâine Publishing House, Bucharest, 2007.

• uk.bartercard.com/

• www.antreprenor.money.ro/dictionar/barter-162.html

• www.barterco.com/

• www.barternews.com/

• www.ebb.ro/classic-barter.html

• www.optionsclearing.com




Copyright (c) 2010 author

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


As to respect GDPR, this site do not allow free registation. Please contact us at: ashues@spiruharet.ro

GDPR Policy:

Please read the statement below:
Processing of personal data and free movement of these data

Registering with this site the author agree with the collection, processing and use of his personal data, exclusively within the ASHUES journal.


 

AWARDS 

WILL BE CONFERRED AT THE END OF THE YEAR

To crown and encourage research efforts of the authors, at the end of a year of publishing our journal board will award online the best papers by distinctions:

1. Best Original Paper Award -  for the paper that has brought something completely new in the reader's attention (a new concept, a new trend, a new proposal in research, etc.)

2. Excellence Award - for the most cited paper and visualized in the online environment during the year

3. First, Second and Third Award- for the best documented and substantiated papers during the year

4. Special Award - to award PhD students and postdocs for the most well documented and substantiated paper