METABOLIC DISEASE OF BOVINS AND RISKS FACTOR

Viorel Andronie

Abstract


Most of the metabolic diseases of dairy cows – milk fever, ketosis,
retained placenta (RP), and displacement of the abomasum – occur
within the first two wk of lactation. In addition to metabolic disease, the
majority of infectious disease experienced by the dairy cow, especially
mastitis, but also diseases such as Johne's disease and Salmonellosis,
become clinically apparent during the first two wk of lactation.
Metabolic disease is the most commonly recognized disease on dairy
farms. While the pathogenesis is well known, metabolic disorders
continue to occur. Metabolic diseases are associated with one disease
predisposing to another. Evidence suggests that metabolic disease affects
host defense, and therefore, impacts the common infectious diseases of dairy
cows. Risk for metabolic disease is affected by dietary formulation but is
modified by cow behavior and intake. Regardless of dietary formulation, the
cow and management factors on a given farm may determine the impact of
metabolic disease.


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